An act to consolidate the laws, relating to food and to establish the Food Safety Standard Authority of India for laying down science-based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage, distribution, sale, and import to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
Be it enacted by Parliament in the Fifty-seventh Year of the Republic of India as follows-:
Food safety Standard Authority of India
- Short title, extent, and commencement.- This act may be called food safety and standard acts, 2006.
- It extends the whole of India.
3.It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint and different dates may be appointed for different provisions of this Act shall be construed as a reference to the coming into force of that provision
This section provides for the short title of this act its extent and commencement subclause
(2) of clause 1 makes a provision that it extends to the whole of India.
This Section defines various expression used in this Act Some of the important definitions includes the definitions os unsafe food,’ advertisement ‘, containment .’food’, primary food, ‘food safety,’ infant food,’ manufacture, misbranded food,’ risk analysis, ‘sale,’ and ‘substandard.’
FOOD SAFETY LEGISLATION –
The Food Safety & Standards Act 2006 is an Act to consolidate the laws relating to food and to establish the Food Safety and Standards Authority of India for laying down science-based standards for articles of food and to regulate their manufacture, storage distribution, sale, and import, to ensure availability of safe and wholesome food for human consumption and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIA
Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954Prevention of Food Adulteration Act, 1954Fruit Products Order, 1955Fruit Products Order, 1955Meat Food Products Order, 1973Meat Food Products Order, 1973Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947Vegetable Oil Products (Control) Order, 1947Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order, 1988, Edible Oils Packaging (Regulation) Order, 1988, Solvent Extracted Oil, De-oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967Solvent Extracted Oil, De-oiled Meal and Edible Flour (Control) Order, 1967Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992 Milk and Milk Products Order, 1992 Any order under Essential Commodities Act, 1955 relating to food. Any order under the Essential Commodities Act, 1955 relating to food.incidental thereto.
SALIENT FEATURE OF THE ACT……………
FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIA
Movement from multi-level and multi-department control toa single line of command FSSAI as a single reference point for all matters relating to food Safety and Standards, Regulations and EnforcementIntegrated response to strategic issues like Novel foods, HealthFoods, Nutraceuticals, GMfoods, international trade food SAFETY AND STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIAHealthFoods, Nutraceuticals, GMfoods, international trade, etc.Decentralization of licensing for the manufacture of food productsAchieve a high degree of consumer confidence in quality &safety of foodInvestors friendly regulatory mechanism with emphasis on self-regulation and capacity building.
SALIENT FEATURE OF THE ACT……………FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIA
Enforcement of the legislation by the State Governments/UTs through the State Commissioner for Food Safety, his officers, and Panchayati Raj/Municipal bodiesEmphasis on the gradual shift from regulatory regime to self-compliance through food safety management system.Consistency between domestic and international food policy.
FOOD SAFETY AND STANDARDS AUTHORITY OF INDIAConsistencybetweendomesticandinternationalfoodpolicymeasures without reducing safeguards to public health and consumer protectionAdequate information dissemination on food to enable consumers to make informed choices.Compounding and Adjudication of cases – to reduce Court’sworkload and expedite the disposal of casesGraded penalty depending upon the gravity of offenses
NEW PROVISIONS UNDER THE ACT……………
- Framing of Regulations to lay down food safety standards
- Laying down guidelines for accreditation of laboratories for food testing
- Providing scientific advice and technical support to the Central Government
- Contributing to the development of international technical standards in food
- Collecting and collating data regarding food consumption, contamination, emerging risks, etc.
- Disseminating information and promoting awareness about food safety and nutrition in India.
- FSSAI is located in 5 regions
- Northern Region – With head office at New Delhi.
- Eastern Region.
- North Eastern Region.
- Western region.
- Southern Region.
- Import Division
- Eat Right India Movement
- International Co-operation
- Regulatory Compliance Division (RCD)
- Food Safety Management System (FSMS) Division
- Risk Assessment and R&D division (RARD)
- Information Education Communication (IEC) Division
- Regulation and Codex Division
- Quality Assurance/ lab Division
- HR Division
- Standards Division
Standards framed by FSSAI are prescribed under Food Safety and Standards (Food Product Standards and Food Additives) Regulation, 2011, Food Safety and Standards (Packaging and Labelling) Regulation, 2011 and Food Safety and Standards (Contaminants, Toxins, and Residues) Regulations, 2011.
The FSSAI has prescribed standards for the following:
- Dairy products and analogs
- Fats, oils, and fat emulsions
- Fruits and vegetable products
- Cereal and cereal products
- Meat and meat products
- Fish and fish products
- Sweets & confectionery
- Sweetening agents including honey
- Salt, spices, condiments and related products
- Beverages, (other than dairy and fruits & vegetables based)
- Other food product and ingredients
- Proprietary food
- Irradiation of food
- Fortification of staple foods i.e. vegetable oil, milk, salt, rice, and wheat flour/maida